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This Day in History: July 27

Events

1663 – The English Parliament passes the second Navigation Act requiring that all goods bound for the American colonies have to be sent in English ships from English ports.

1778 – American Revolution: First Battle of Ushant: British and French fleets fight to a standoff.

1789 – The first U.S. federal government agency, the Department of Foreign Affairs, is established (it will be later renamed Department of State).

1862 – Sailing from San Francisco to Panama City, Panama, the SS Golden Gate catches fire and sinks off Manzanillo, Mexico, killing 231.

1917 – The Allies reach the Yser Canal at the Battle of Passchendaele.

1919 – The Chicago Race Riot erupts after a racial incident occurred on a South Side beach, leading to 38 fatalities and 537 injuries over a five-day period.

1929 – The Geneva Convention of 1929, dealing with treatment of prisoners-of-war, is signed by 53 nations.

1940 – The animated short A Wild Hare is released, introducing the character of Bugs Bunny.

1942 – World War II: Allied forces successfully halt the final Axis advance into Egypt.

1953 – Fighting in the Korean War ends when the United States, China, and North Korea sign an armistice agreement. Syngman Rhee, President of South Korea, refuses to sign but pledges to observe the armistice.

1955 – The Allied occupation of Austria stemming from World War II, ends.

1964 – Vietnam War: Five thousand more American military advisers are sent to South Vietnam bringing the total number of United States forces in Vietnam to 21,000.

1974 – Watergate scandal: The House of Representatives Judiciary Committee votes 27 to 11 to recommend the first article of impeachment (for obstruction of justice) against President Richard Nixon.

1981 – Adam Walsh, 6-year-old son of John Walsh, is kidnapped in Hollywood, Florida and is found murdered two weeks later.

1995 – The Korean War Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C..

1996 – Centennial Olympic Park bombing: In Atlanta, United States, a pipe bomb explodes at Centennial Olympic Park during the 1996 Summer Olympics. One woman (Alice Hawthorne) is killed, and a cameraman suffers a heart attack fleeing the scene. One hundred eleven are injured.

2005 – STS-114: NASA grounds the Space Shuttle, pending an investigation of the continuing problem with the shedding of foam insulation from the external fuel tank. During ascent, the external tank of the Space Shuttle Discovery sheds a piece of foam slightly smaller than the piece that caused the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster; this foam does not strike the spacecraft.

2007 – Phoenix News Helicopter Collision: News helicopters from Phoenix, Arizona television stations KNXV and KTVK collide over Steele Indian School Park in central Phoenix while covering a police chase.

Births

1922 – Norman Lear, American screenwriter and producer

1948 – Peggy Fleming, American figure skater and sportscaster

1969 – Triple H, American wrestler and actor

1975 – Alex Rodriguez, American baseball player

1993 – Jordan Spieth, American golfer

Deaths

1946 – Gertrude Stein, American novelist, poet, and playwright (b. 1874)

1948 – Joe Tinker, American baseball player and manager (b. 1880)

1988 – Frank Zamboni, American inventor and businessman, founded the Zamboni Company (b. 1901)

2000 – Gordon Solie, American sportscaster (b. 1929)

2003 – Bob Hope, English-American actor, singer, businessman and producer (b. 1903)