1587 – Roanoke Colony: A second group of English settlers arrives on Roanoke Island off North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.
1686 – Albany, New York is formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Dongan.
1796 – Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio "Cleveland" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.
1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Atlanta: Outside Atlanta, Confederate General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill.
1916 – Preparedness Day Bombing: In San Francisco, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a parade, killing ten and injuring 40.
1934 – Outside Chicago's Biograph Theater, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
1937 – New Deal: The United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.
1942 – The United States government begins compulsory civilian gasoline rationing due to the wartime demands.
1942 – Holocaust: The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins.
1943 – World War II: Allied forces capture the Italian city of Palermo.
1962 – Mariner program: Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.
1991 – Jeffrey Dahmer is arrested in Milwaukee after police discover human remains in his apartment.
1993 – Great Flood of 1993: Levees near Kaskaskia, Illinois rupture, forcing the entire town to evacuate by barges operated by the Army Corps of Engineers.
1997 – The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario.
2003 – Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year-old son, and a bodyguard.
1849 – Emma Lazarus, American poet and educator (d. 1887)
1882 – Edward Hopper, American painter and etcher (d. 1967)
1890 – Rose Kennedy, American philanthropist (d. 1995)
1898 – Stephen Vincent Benét, American poet and author (d. 1943)
1908 – Amy Vanderbilt, American author (d. 1974)
1923 – The Fabulous Moolah, American wrestler (d. 2007)
1940 – Alex Trebek, Canadian-American game show host and producer
1941 – David M. Kennedy, American historian and author
1992 – Selena Gomez, American actress and singer
1864 – James B. McPherson, American general (b. 1828)
1869 – John A. Roebling, German-American engineer, designed the Brooklyn Bridge (b. 1806)
1932 – Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr., American actor and producer (b. 1867)
1934 – John Dillinger, American gangster (b. 1903)
1967 – Carl Sandburg, American journalist and author (b. 1878)
2013 – Rosalie E. Wahl, American lawyer and judge (b. 1924)
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