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This Day in History: July 10


1778 – American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.

1821 – The United States takes possession of its newly bought territory of Florida from Spain.

1832 – U.S. President Andrew Jackson vetoes a bill that would re-charter the Second Bank of the United States.

1850 – U.S. President Millard Fillmore is sworn in, a day after becoming President upon Zachary Taylor's death.

1890 – Wyoming is admitted as the 44th U.S. state.

1913 – The temperature in Death Valley, California, hits 134 °F (57 °C), the highest recorded in the United States.

1925 – Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called "Monkey Trial" begins with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher accused of teaching evolution in violation of the Butler Act.

1938 – Howard Hughes sets a new record by completing a 91-hour airplane flight around the world.

1942 – World War II: An American pilot spots a downed, intact Mitsubishi A6M Zero on Akutan Island (the "Akutan Zero") that the US Navy uses to learn the aircraft's flight characteristics.

1951 – Korean War: Armistice negotiations begin at Kaesong.

1962 – Telstar, the world's first communications satellite, is launched into orbit.

1966 – The Chicago Freedom Movement, led by Martin Luther King, Jr., holds a rally at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois. As many as 60,000 people come to hear Dr. King as well as Mahalia Jackson, Stevie Wonder, and Peter Paul and Mary.

1973 – John Paul Getty III, a grandson of the oil magnate J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy.

1978 – ABC World News Tonight premieres on ABC.

1992 – In Miami, the former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.

1997 – Miguel Ángel Blanco, a member of Partido Popular (Spain), is kidnapped in the Basque

1998 – Catholic Church sexual abuse cases: The Diocese of Dallas agrees to pay $23.4 million to nine former altar boys who claimed they were sexually abused by Rudolph Kos, a former priest.

2005 – Hurricane Dennis slams into the Florida Panhandle, causing billions of dollars in damage.


1792 – George M. Dallas, American lawyer and politician, 11th Vice President of the United States (d. 1864)

1834 – James Abbott McNeill Whistler, American-English painter and illustrator (d. 1903)

1856 – Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist and engineer (d. 1943)

1875 – Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator and activist (d. 1955)

1897 – Legs Diamond, American gangster (d. 1931)

1914 – Joe Shuster, Canadian-American illustrator, co-created Superman (d. 1992)

1920 – David Brinkley, American journalist (d. 2003)

1921 – Jake LaMotta, American boxer and actor

1921 – Eunice Kennedy Shriver, American activist, co-founded the Special Olympics (d. 2009)

1922 – Jean Kerr, American author and playwright (d. 2003)

1943 – Arthur Ashe, American tennis player and journalist (d. 1993)

1957 – Cindy Sheehan, American activist

1972 – Sofía Vergara, Colombian-American actress and producer