1788 – Connecticut becomes the fifth state to be admitted to the United States.
1857 – The 7.9 Mw Fort Tejon earthquake shakes Central and Southern California with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent).
1858 – Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide.
1861 – American Civil War: The "Star of the West" incident occurs near Charleston, South Carolina. It is considered by some historians to be the "First Shots of the American Civil War".
1861 – Mississippi becomes the second state to secede from the Union before the outbreak of the American Civil War.
1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Fort Hindman begins in Arkansas.
1880 – The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high winds and heavy snow.
1894 – New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
1918 – Battle of Bear Valley: The last battle of the American Indian Wars.
1945 – World War II: The United States invades Luzon in the Philippines.
1947 – Elizabeth "Betty" Short, the Black Dahlia, is last seen alive.
1991 – Representatives from the United States and Iraq meet at the Geneva Peace Conference to try to find a peaceful resolution to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.
2007 – Apple CEO Steve Jobs unveils the first iPhone.
1839 – John Knowles Paine, American composer and academic (d. 1906)
1854 – Lady Randolph Churchill, American-born wife of Lord Randolph Churchill (d. 1921)
1859 – Carrie Chapman Catt, American activist, founded the League of Women Voters and International Alliance of Women (d. 1947)
1870 – Joseph Strauss, American engineer, co-designed the Golden Gate Bridge (d. 1938)
1901 – Chic Young, American cartoonist (d. 1973)
1913 – Richard Nixon, American commander, lawyer, and politician, 37th President of the United States (d. 1994)
1921 – John Sperling, American businessman, founded the University of Phoenix (d. 2014)
1928 – Judith Krantz, American novelist
1934 – Bart Starr, American football player and coach
1935 – Bob Denver, American actor (d. 2005)
1935 – Dick Enberg, American game show host and sportscaster
1935 – Earl G. Graves, Sr., American businessman and publisher, founded Black Enterprise magazine
1936 – Anne Rivers Siddons, American author
1941 – Joan Baez, American singer-songwriter, guitarist and activist
1972 – Rawson Stovall, American video game producer and author
1858 – Anson Jones, American physician and politician; 4th President of the Republic of Texas (b. 1798)
1876 – Samuel Gridley Howe, American physician and activist (b. 1801)
1946 – Countee Cullen, American poet and playwright (b. 1903)
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