1834 – US President Andrew Jackson orders first use of federal soldiers to suppress a labor dispute.
1845 – "The Raven" is published in The Evening Mirror in New York, the first publication with the name of the author, Edgar Allan Poe
1850 – Henry Clay introduces the Compromise of 1850 to the U.S. Congress.
1861 – Kansas is admitted as the 34th U.S. state.
1863 – The Bear River Massacre: A detachment of California Volunteers led by Colonel Patrick Edward Connor engage the Shoshone at Bear River, Washington Territory, killing hundreds of men women and children.
1891 – Liliuokalani is proclaimed the last monarch and only queen regnant of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
1900 – The American League is organized in Philadelphia with eight founding teams.
1907 – Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes the first Native American U.S. Senator.
1936 – The first inductees into the Baseball Hall of Fame are announced.
1943 – The first day of the Battle of Rennell Island, U.S. cruiser Chicago is torpedoed and heavily damaged by Japanese bombers.
1963 – The first inductees into the Pro Football Hall of Fame are announced.
1967 – The "ultimate high" of the hippie era, the Mantra-Rock Dance, takes place in San Francisco and features Janis Joplin, Grateful Dead, and Allen Ginsberg.
1998 – In Birmingham, Alabama, a bomb explodes at an abortion clinic, killing one and severely wounding another. Serial bomber Eric Robert Rudolph is suspected as the culprit.
2002 – In his State of the Union address, President George W. Bush describes "regimes that sponsor terror" as an Axis of evil, in which he includes Iraq, Iran and North Korea.
2009 – Governor of Illinois Rod Blagojevich is removed from office following his conviction of several corruption charges, including the alleged solicitation of personal benefit in exchange for an appointment to the United States Senate as a replacement for then-U.S. president-elect Barack Obama.
2013 – A gunman kills a school bus driver and holds a 6-year-old boy hostage in an underground bunker in Midland City, Alabama.
1737 – Thomas Paine, English-American author, activist, and theorist (d. 1809)
1754 – Moses Cleaveland, American general, lawyer, and politician, founded Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1806)
1761 – Albert Gallatin, Swiss-American ethnologist, linguist, and politician (d. 1849)
1843 – William McKinley, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 25th President of the United States (d. 1901)
1858 – Henry Ward Ranger, American painter and academic (d. 1916)
1874 – John D. Rockefeller, Jr., American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1960)
1880 – W. C. Fields, American actor, singer, and screenwriter (d. 1946)
1901 – Allen B. DuMont, American engineer and broadcaster, founded the DuMont Television Network (d. 1965)
1923 – Paddy Chayefsky, American author and screenwriter (d. 1981)
1960 – Greg Louganis, American diver and author
1982 – Adam Lambert, American singer-songwriter and actor (Queen + Adam Lambert)
1933 – Sara Teasdale, American poet (b. 1884)
1956 – H. L. Mencken, American journalist and critic (b. 1880)
1963 – Robert Frost, American poet and playwright (b. 1874)
1969 – Allen Welsh Dulles, American banker, lawyer, and diplomat, 5th Director of Central Intelligence (b. 1893)
2008 – Raymond Jacobs, American marine, member of the Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima (b. 1925)
2008 – Margaret Truman, American singer and author (b. 1924)
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