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This Day in History: January 25

Events

1787 – Shays's Rebellion: The rebellion's largest confrontation, outside the Springfield Armory, results in the killing of four rebels and the wounding of twenty.

1881 – Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.

1890 – Nellie Bly completes her round-the-world journey in 72 days.

1915 – Alexander Graham Bell inaugurates U.S. transcontinental telephone service, speaking from New York to Thomas Watson in San Francisco.

1937 – The Guiding Light debuts on NBC radio from Chicago. In 1952 it moves to CBS television, where it remains until September 18, 2009.

1941 – Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.

1942 – World War II: Thailand declares war on the United States and United Kingdom.

1946 – The United Mine Workers rejoins the American Federation of Labor.

1949 – At the Hollywood Athletic Club the first Emmy Awards are presented.

1960 – The National Association of Broadcasters reacts to the "payola" scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accept money for playing particular records.

1961 – In Washington, D.C., President John F. Kennedy delivers the first live presidential television news conference.

1964 – Blue Ribbon Sports is founded by University of Oregon track and field athletes, which would later become Nike.

1971 – Charles Manson and three female "Family" members are found guilty of the 1969 Tate–LaBianca murders.

1996 – Billy Bailey becomes the last person to be hanged in the USA.

2004 – Opportunity rover (MER-B) lands on surface of Mars.

Births

1783 – William Colgate, English-American businessman and philanthropist, founded Colgate-Palmolive (d. 1857)

1860 – Charles Curtis, American lawyer and politician, 31st Vice President of the United States (d. 1936)

1918 – Ernie Harwell, American sportscaster (d. 2010)

1938 – Etta James, American singer (d. 2012)

1942 – Carl Eller, American football player and sportscaster

Deaths

1872 – Richard S. Ewell, American general (b. 1817)

1947 – Al Capone, American mob boss (b. 1899)

1994 – Stephen Cole Kleene, American mathematician, computer scientist, and academic (b. 1909)

2015 – John Leggett, American author and academic (b. 1917)