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This Day in History: January 22

Events

1889 – Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, D.C.

1890 – The United Mine Workers of America is founded in Columbus, Ohio.

1917 – World War I: President Woodrow Wilson of the still-neutral United States calls for "peace without victory" in Europe.

1944 – World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle, an assault on Anzio and Nettuno, Italy.

1946 – Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.

1947 – KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood.

1957 – The New York City "Mad Bomber", George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut and is charged with planting more than 30 bombs.

1959 – Knox Mine disaster: Water breaches the River Slope Mine near Pittston, Pennsylvania in Port Griffith; 12 miners are killed.

1968 – Apollo 5 lifts off carrying the first Lunar module into space.

1968 – Operation Igloo White, a US electronic surveillance system to stop communist infiltration into South Vietnam begins installation.

1970 – The Boeing 747, the world's first "jumbo jet", enters commercial service for launch customer Pan American Airways with its maiden voyage from John F. Kennedy International Airport to London Heathrow Airport.

1973 – The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decisions in Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states.

1973 – The crew of Apollo 17 addresses a joint session of Congress after the completion of the final Apollo moon landing mission.

1984 – The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, is introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous "1984" television commercial.

1987 – Pennsylvanian politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself during a televised press conference, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.

1990 – Robert Tappan Morris is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet Computer worm.

1991 – Persian Gulf War: Three Iraqi Scuds and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.

2002 – Kmart becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

2006 – Kobe Bryant of the Los Angeles Lakers scores 81 points in an NBA game versus the Toronto Raptors, the second highest total in NBA history.

2010 – Conan O'Brien performs his last Tonight Show on NBC as a part of the Tonight Show conflict of 2010.

Births

1865 – Wilbur Scoville, American chemist and pharmacist (d. 1942)

1874 – Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (d. 1940)

1875 – D. W. Griffith, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1948)

1890 – Fred M. Vinson, American judge and politician, 13th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1953)

1904 – George Balanchine, Russian-American dancer, choreographer, and director, co-founded the New York City Ballet (d. 1983)

1907 – Douglas Corrigan, American pilot and engineer (d. 1995)

1922 – Howard Moss, American poet, playwright and critic (d. 1987)

1931 – Sam Cooke, American singer-songwriter (d. 1964)

1937 – Joseph Wambaugh, American police officer and author

1965 – DJ Jazzy Jeff, American DJ, producer, and actor (DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince)

1968 – Guy Fieri, American chef, author, and television host

Deaths

1798 – Lewis Morris, American judge and politician (b. 1726)

1925 – Fanny Bullock Workman, American geographer and mountain climber (b. 1859)

1927 – James Ford Rhodes, American historian and author (b. 1848)

1968 – Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1890)

1971 – Harry Frank Guggenheim, American businessman and publisher, co-founded Newsday (b. 1890)

1973 – Lyndon B. Johnson, American lieutenant and politician, 36th President of the United States (b. 1908)

1995 – Rose Kennedy, American philanthropist (b. 1890)

2000 – Craig Claiborne, American journalist, author, and critic (b. 1920)

2003 – Bill Mauldin, American soldier and cartoonist (b. 1921)

2012 – Joe Paterno, American football player and coach (b. 1926)