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This Day in History: January 14

Events

1639 – The "Fundamental Orders", the first written constitution that created a government, is adopted in Connecticut.

1784 – American Revolutionary War: Ratification Day, United States - Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris with Great Britain.

1943 – World War II: Japan begins Operation Ke, the successful operation to evacuate its forces from Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal Campaign.

1943 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill begin the Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study the next phase of the war.

1943 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to travel by airplane while in office when he travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill.

1952 – NBC's long-running morning news program Today debuts, with host Dave Garroway.

1954 – The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation.

1967 – Counterculture of the 1960s: The Human Be-In, takes place in San Francisco, California's Golden Gate Park, launching the Summer of Love.

1969 – An accidental explosion aboard the USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 27 people.

1973 – Elvis Presley's concert Aloha from Hawaii is broadcast live via satellite, and sets the record as the most watched broadcast by an individual entertainer in television history.

Births

1741 – Benedict Arnold, English general (d. 1801)

1806 – Matthew Fontaine Maury American astronomer, oceanographer, and historian (d. 1873)

1863 – Richard F. Outcault, American author and illustrator (d. 1928)

1892 – Hal Roach, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1992)

1915 – Mark Goodson, American game show producer, created Family Feud and The Price Is Right (d. 1992)

1919 – Andy Rooney, American soldier, journalist and television personality (d. 2011)

1925 – Moscelyne Larkin, American ballerina (d. 2012)

1940 – Julian Bond, American academic and politician (d. 2015)

1943 – Shannon Lucid, American biochemist and astronaut

1947 – Taylor Branch, American historian and author

1952 – Sydney Biddle Barrows, American businesswoman and author

1952 – Maureen Dowd, American journalist and author

1958 – Colin Ferguson, Jamaican-American murderer

1968 – LL Cool J, American rapper and actor

Deaths

1920 – John Francis Dodge, American businessman, co-founded the Dodge Automobile Company (b. 1864)

1943 – Laura E. Richards, American author and poet (b. 1850)

1949 – Harry Stack Sullivan, American psychiatrist and psychoanalyst (b. 1892)

1957 – Humphrey Bogart, American actor (b. 1899)

1977 – Anaïs Nin, French-American essayist and memoirist (b. 1903)

1984 – Ray Kroc, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1902)

2012 – Dan Evins, American businessman, founded Cracker Barrel Old Country Store (b. 1935)