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This Day in History: January 12

Events

1915 – The United States House of Representatives rejects a proposal to give women the right to vote.

1921 – Acting to restore confidence in baseball after the Black Sox Scandal, Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis is elected as Major League Baseball's first commissioner.

1926 – Original Sam 'n' Henry aired on Chicago radio later renamed Amos 'n' Andy in 1928.

1932 – Hattie Caraway becomes the first woman elected to the United States Senate.

1942 – World War II: United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt creates the National War Labor Board.

1962 – Vietnam War: Operation Chopper, the first American combat mission in the war, takes place.

1966 – Lyndon B. Johnson states that the United States should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there is ended.

1969 – The New York Jets of the American Football League defeat the Baltimore Colts of the National Football League to win Super Bowl III in what is considered to be one of the greatest upsets in sports history.

1971 – The Harrisburg Seven: Rev. Philip Berrigan and five other activists are indicted on charges of conspiring to kidnap Henry Kissinger and of plotting to blow up the heating tunnels of federal buildings in Washington, D.C.

1971 – All in the Family an American sitcom premiered on the CBS television network

1976 – The United Nations Security Council votes 11–1 to allow the Palestine Liberation Organization to participate in a Security Council debate (without voting rights).

1986 – Space Shuttle program: Congressman Bill Nelson lifts off from Kennedy Space Center aboard Columbia on mission STS-61-C as a Mission Specialist.

1991 – Persian Gulf War: An act of the U.S. Congress authorizes the use of American military force to drive Iraq out of Kuwait.

2001 – Downtown Disney opens to the public as part of the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California.

2005 – Deep Impact launches from Cape Canaveral on a Delta II rocket.

Births

1588 – John Winthrop, English lawyer and politician, 2nd Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (d. 1649)

1723 – Samuel Langdon, American minister, theologian, and academic (d. 1797)

1856 – John Singer Sargent, American painter and academic (d. 1925)

1876 – Jack London, American novelist and journalist (d. 1916)

1905 – James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist and academic (d. 1997)

1905 – Tex Ritter, American singer and actor (d. 1974)

1935 – Kreskin, American magician and actor

1944 – Joe Frazier, American boxer and actor (d. 2011)

1947 – Tom Dempsey, American football player and educator

1951 – Rush Limbaugh, American talk show host and author

1954 – Howard Stern, American radio host, actor, and author

1964 – Jeff Bezos, American computer scientist and businessman, founded Amazon.com

1970 – Raekwon, American rapper (Wu-Tang Clan)

Deaths

1777 – Hugh Mercer, Scottish-American general and physician (b. 1726)

1899 – Hiram Walker, American businessman, founded Canadian Club (b. 1816)

1958 – Charles Hatfield, American meteorologist (b. 1875)

1973 – Roy Franklin Nichols, American historian and academic (b. 1896)

2000 – Marc Davis, American animator and screenwriter (b. 1913)

2001 – William Redington Hewlett, American engineer and businessman, co-founded Hewlett-Packard (b. 1913)

2002 – Cyrus Vance, American lawyer and politician, 57th U.S. Secretary of State (b. 1917)

2006 – Pablita Velarde, Santa Clara Pueblo (Native American) painter (b. 1918)

2012 – Bill Janklow, American lawyer and politician, 27th Governor of South Dakota (b. 1939)