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This Day in History: January 10

Events

1776 – Thomas Paine publishes his pamphlet Common Sense.

1861 – American Civil War: Florida secedes from the Union.

1870 – John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil.

1901 – The first great Texas oil gusher is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas.

1920 – The Treaty of Versailles takes effect, officially ending World War I.

1946 – The first General Assembly of the United Nations opens in London. Fifty-one nations are represented.

1946 – The United States Army Signal Corps successfully conducts Project Diana, bouncing radio waves off the Moon and receiving the reflected signals.

1962 – Apollo program: NASA announces plans to build the C-5 rocket launch vehicle. It became better known as the Saturn V Moon rocket, which launched every Apollo Moon mission.

1984 – Holy See–United States relations: The United States and Holy See (Vatican City) re-establish full diplomatic relations after almost 117 years, overturning the United States Congress's 1867 ban on public funding for such a diplomatic envoy.

1990 – Time Warner is formed by the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications.

2005 – In California, the 2005 La Conchita landslide killed 10 people, injured many more, and closed U.S. Route 101, the main coastal corridor between Los Angeles and San Francisco for 10 days.

Births

1836 – Charles Ingalls, American farmer and carpenter (d. 1902)

1843 – Frank James, American soldier and criminal (d. 1915)

1865 – Mary Ingalls, American sister of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1928)

1915 – Dean Dixon, American-Swiss conductor (d. 1976)

1915 – Cynthia Freeman, American author (d. 1988)

1916 – Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)

1916 – Eldzier Cortor, American painter (d. 2015)

1930 – Roy E. Disney, American businessman (d. 2009)

1937 – Daniel Walker Howe, American historian and academic

1949 – George Foreman, American boxer, actor, and businessman

1953 – Pat Benatar, American singer-songwriter and actress

Deaths

1862 – Samuel Colt, American engineer and businessman, founded Colt's Manufacturing Company (b. 1814)

1863 – Lyman Beecher, American minister and activist, co-founded the American Temperance Society (b. 1775)

1883 – Samuel Mudd, American physician (b. 1833)

1917 – Buffalo Bill, American soldier and hunter (b. 1846)

1951 – Sinclair Lewis, American author and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)

1976 – Howlin' Wolf, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1910)

1980 – George Meany, American plumber and union leader (b. 1894)

2007 – Bradford Washburn, American explorer, photographer, and cartographer (b. 1910)

2015 – Robert Berner, American geologist and academic (b. 1935)

2015 – Harry V. Jaffa, American historian, philosopher, and academic (b. 1918)