1775 – American Revolutionary War: The British Parliament declares Massachusetts in rebellion.
1825 – After no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes in the US presidential election of 1824, the United States House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams as President of the United States.
1861 – American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is elected the Provisional President of the Confederate States of America by the Confederate convention at Montgomery, Alabama.
1870 – US president Ulysses S. Grant signs a joint resolution of Congress establishing the U.S. Weather Bureau.
1889 – US president Grover Cleveland signs a bill elevating the United States Department of Agriculture to a Cabinet-level agency.
1895 – William G. Morgan creates a game called Mintonette, which soon comes to be referred to as volleyball.
1900 – The Davis Cup competition is established.
1913 – A group of meteors is visible across much of the eastern seaboard of North and South America, leading astronomers to conclude the source had been a small, short-lived natural satellite of the Earth.
1942 – World War II: Top United States military leaders hold their first formal meeting to discuss American military strategy in the war.
1942 – Year-round Daylight saving time is re-instated in the United States as a wartime measure to help conserve energy resources.
1943 – World War II: Allied authorities declare Guadalcanal secure after Imperial Japan evacuates its remaining forces from the island, ending the Battle of Guadalcanal.
1945 – World War II: The Battle of the Atlantic: HMS Venturer sinks U-864 off the coast of Fedje, Norway, in a rare instance of submarine-to-submarine combat.
1945 – World War II: A force of Allied aircraft unsuccessfully attacked a German destroyer in Førdefjorden, Norway.
1950 – Second Red Scare: US Senator Joseph McCarthy accuses the United States Department of State of being filled with Communists.
1951 – Korean War: Geochang massacre
1964 – The Beatles make their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, performing before a "record-busting" audience of 73 million viewers across the USA.
1965 – The United States Marine Corps sends a MIM-23 Hawk missile battalion to South Vietnam, the first American troops in-country without an official advisory or training mission.
1969 – First test flight of the Boeing 747.
1971 – Satchel Paige becomes the first Negro League player to be voted into the USA's Baseball Hall of Fame.
1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 14 returns to Earth after the third manned Moon landing.
1986 – Halley's Comet last appeared in the inner Solar System.
2001 – The American submarine USS Greeneville accidentally strikes and sinks the Ehime-Maru, a Japanese training vessel operated by the Uwajima Fisheries High School.
1737 – Thomas Paine, English-American philosopher, author, and activist (d. 1809)
1773 – William Henry Harrison, American general and politician, 9th President of the United States (d. 1841)
1814 – Samuel J. Tilden, American lawyer and politician, (d. 1886)
1874 – Amy Lowell, American poet, critic, and educator (d. 1925)
1896 – Alberto Vargas, Peruvian-American painter and illustrator (d. 1982)
1914 – Ernest Tubb, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1984)
1914 – Bill Veeck, American businessman (d. 1986)
1922 – Robert E. Ogren, American zoologist (d. 2005)
1928 – Roger Mudd, American journalist
1942 – Carole King, American singer-songwriter and pianist
1944 – Alice Walker, American author and poet
1973 – Max Yasgur, American farmer, owned the site of the Woodstock Festival (b. 1919)
1981 – Bill Haley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Bill Haley & His Comets) (b. 1925)
2010 – Walter Frederick Morrison, American businessman, invented the Frisbee (b. 1920)
2015 – Ed Sabol, American film producer, co-founded NFL Films (b. 1916)
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