1783 – American Revolutionary War: French and Spanish forces lift the Great Siege of Gibraltar.
1795 – The 11th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified.
1812 – The strongest in a series of earthquakes strikes New Madrid, Missouri.
1894 – The Cripple Creek miner's strike, led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado.
1904 – A fire in Baltimore, Maryland destroys over 1,500 buildings in 30 hours.
1907 – The Mud March is the first large procession organized by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS).
1935 – The classic board game Monopoly is invented.
1940 – The second full-length animated Walt Disney film, Pinocchio, premieres.
1943 – World War II: Imperial Japanese Navy forces complete the evacuation of Imperial Japanese Army troops from Guadalcanal during Operation Ke, ending Japanese attempts to retake the island from Allied forces in the Guadalcanal Campaign.
1944 – World War II: In Anzio, Italy, German forces launch a counteroffensive during the Allied Operation Shingle.
1951 – Korean War: Seven hundred five suspected communist sympathizers are butchered by South Korean forces.
1962 – The United States bans all Cuban imports and exports.
1979 – Pluto moves inside Neptune's orbit for the first time since either was discovered.
1984 – Space Shuttle program: STS-41-B Mission: Astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart make the first untethered space walk using the Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU).
1995 – Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, is arrested in Islamabad, Pakistan.
1997 – NeXT merges with Apple Computer, starting the path to Mac OS X.
2013 – Mississippi officially certifies the Thirteenth Amendment, becoming the last state to approve the abolition of slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment was formally ratified by Mississippi in 1995.
1804 – John Deere, American blacksmith and businessman, founded Deere & Company (d. 1886)
1867 – Laura Ingalls Wilder, American author (d. 1957)
1885 – Sinclair Lewis, American author and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1951)
1887 – Eubie Blake, American pianist and composer (d. 1983)
1908 – Buster Crabbe, American swimmer and actor (d. 1983)
1919 – Jock Mahoney, American actor and stuntman (d. 1989)
1920 – An Wang, Chinese-American engineer and businessman, founded Wang Laboratories (d. 1990)
1932 – Gay Talese, American journalist and author
1943 – Eric Foner, American historian, author, and academic
1962 – Garth Brooks, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1965 – Chris Rock, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1871 – Henry E. Steinway, German-American businessman, founded Steinway & Sons (b. 1797)
1938 – Harvey Samuel Firestone, American businessman, founded the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company (b. 1868)
1979 – Josef Mengele, German SS officer and physician (b. 1911)
2001 – Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and pilot (b. 1906)
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