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This Day in U.S. History: February 2

Events

1536 – Spaniard Pedro de Mendoza founds Buenos Aires, Argentina.

1653 – New Amsterdam (later renamed The City of New York) is incorporated.

1848 – Mexican–American War: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed.

1848 – California Gold Rush: The first ship with Chinese immigrants arrives in San Francisco.

1876 – The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball is formed.

1887 – In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania the first Groundhog Day is observed.

1913 – Grand Central Terminal is opened in New York City.

1914 – Charlie Chaplin's first film appearance, Making a Living premieres.

1922 – Ulysses by James Joyce is published.

1934 – The Export-Import Bank of the United States is incorporated.

1943 – World War II: The Battle of Stalingrad comes to an end when Soviet troops accept the surrender of the last German troops in the city.

1964 – Hasbro launched G.I. Joe

1976 – The Groundhog Day gale hits the north-eastern United States and south-eastern Canada.

1980 – Reports surface that the FBI is targeting allegedly corrupt Congressmen in the Abscam operation.

1988 – Auntie Anne's is founded by Anne F. Beiler in Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Births

1803 – Albert Sidney Johnston, American general (d. 1862)

1861 – Solomon R. Guggenheim, American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (d. 1949)

1886 – William Rose Benét, American poet and author (d. 1950)

1895 – George Halas, American football player and coach (d. 1983)

1895 – Robert Philipp, American painter (d. 1981)

1897 – Howard Deering Johnson, American businessman, founded Howard Johnson's (d. 1972)

1905 – Ayn Rand, Russian-American author and philosopher (d. 1982)

1922 – James L. Usry, American politician, first African-American mayor of Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 2002)

1923 – James Dickey, American poet and author (d. 1997)

1923 – Liz Smith, American journalist and author

1927 – Stan Getz, American saxophonist (d. 1991)

1928 – A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., American judge, author, and activist (d. 1998)

1947 – Farrah Fawcett, American actress and producer (d. 2009)

1953 – Jerry Sisk, Jr., American gemologist, co-founded Jewelry Television (d. 2013)

1954 – Christie Brinkley, American model and actress

Death

1918 – John L. Sullivan, American boxer (b. 1858)

1969 – Boris Karloff, English actor (b. 1887)

1972 – Natalie Clifford Barney, American author, poet, and playwright (b. 1876)

1980 – William Howard Stein, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)

1992 – Bert Parks, American actor, singer, television personality; Miss America telecast presenter (b. 1914)

1996 – Gene Kelly, American actor, singer, dancer, and director (b. 1912)

2012 – Frederick William Danker, American lexicographer and scholar (b. 1920)