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This Day in History: February 27

Events

1776 – American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge in North Carolina breaks up a Loyalist militia.

1782 – American Revolutionary War: The House of Commons of Great Britain votes against further war in America.

1801 – Pursuant to the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801, Washington, D.C. is placed under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress.

1860 – Abraham Lincoln makes a speech at Cooper Union in the city of New York that is largely responsible for his election to the Presidency.

1864 – American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia.

1922 – A challenge to the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, allowing women the right to vote, is rebuffed by the Supreme Court of the United States in Leser v. Garnett.

1939 – United States labor law: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that sit-down strikes violate property owners' rights and are therefore illegal.

1942 – World War II: During the Battle of the Java Sea, an Allied strike force is defeated by a Japanese task force in the Java Sea in the Dutch East Indies.

1951 – The Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, limiting Presidents to two terms, is ratified.

1973 – The American Indian Movement (AIM) occupies Wounded Knee, South Dakota.

1986 – The United States Senate allows its debates to be televised on a trial basis.

1991 – Gulf War: U.S. President George H. W. Bush announces that "Kuwait is liberated".

1996 – Pokémon was released in Japan.

2004 – The initial version of the John Jay Report, with details about the Catholic sexual abuse scandal in the United States, is released.

2010 – An earthquake measuring 8.8 on the moment magnitude scale strikes central parts of Chile leaving over 500 victims, and thousands injured. The quake triggered a tsunami which struck Hawaii shortly after.

Births

1807 – Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet and educator (d. 1882)

1863 – George Herbert Mead, American sociologist and philosopher (d. 1930)

1869 – Alice Hamilton, American physician and academic (d. 1970)

1886 – Hugo Black, American captain, jurist, and politician (d. 1971)

1891 – David Sarnoff, Belarusian-American journalist and businessman, founded RCA (d. 1971)

1902 – John Steinbeck, American journalist and author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)

1917 – John Connally, American lieutenant and politician, 61st United States Secretary of Treasury (d. 1993)

1934 – Ralph Nader, American lawyer and politician

1980 – Chelsea Clinton, American journalist and academic

Deaths

1844 – Nicholas Biddle, American banker and politician (b. 1786)

1977 – John Dickson Carr, American author and playwright (b. 1905)

1993 – Lillian Gish, American actress and screenwriter (b. 1893)

2003 – Fred Rogers, American minister and television host (b. 1928)

2008 – William F. Buckley, Jr., American author and journalist, founded the National Review (b. 1925)

2011 – Frank Buckles, American soldier (b. 1901)

2013 – Van Cliburn, American pianist (b. 1934)

2015 – Leonard Nimoy, American actor and director (b. 1931)