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This Day in History: February 26

Events

1917 – The Original Dixieland Jass Band records the first jazz record, for the Victor Talking Machine Company in New York.

1919 – President Woodrow Wilson signs an act of Congress establishing the Grand Canyon National Park.

1929 – President Calvin Coolidge signs an executive order establishing the 96,000 acre Grand Teton National Park in Wyoming.

1935 – Adolf Hitler orders the Luftwaffe to be re-formed, violating the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles.

1966 – Apollo program: Launch of AS-201, the first flight of the Saturn IB rocket

1972 – The Buffalo Creek flood caused by a burst dam kills 125 in West Virginia.

1987 – Iran–Contra affair: The Tower Commission rebukes President Ronald Reagan for not controlling his national security staff.

1993 – World Trade Center bombing: In New York City, a truck bomb parked below the North Tower of the World Trade Center explodes, killing six and injuring over a thousand.

2008 – The New York Philharmonic performs in Pyongyang, North Korea. The first event of its kind to take place in North Korea.

Births

1829 – Levi Strauss, German-American fashion designer, founded Levi Strauss & Co. (d. 1902)

1846 – Buffalo Bill, American soldier and hunter (d. 1917)

1852 – John Harvey Kellogg, American surgeon, co-created Corn flakes (d. 1943)

1866 – Herbert Henry Dow, Canadian-American businessman, founded the Dow Chemical Company (d. 1930)

1887 – Grover Cleveland Alexander, American baseball player and coach (d. 1950)

1893 – Wallace Fard Muhammad, American religious leader, founded the Nation of Islam (d. 1934)

1908 – Tex Avery, American animator, producer, and voice actor (d. 1980)

1916 – Jackie Gleason, American actor and singer (d. 1987)

1926 – Verne Gagne, American football player, wrestler, and trainer (d. 2015)

1928 – Fats Domino, American singer-songwriter and pianist

1932 – Johnny Cash, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 2003)

1958 – Tim Kaine, American lawyer and politician

Deaths

1813 – Robert R. Livingston, American lawyer and politician, 1st United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs (b. 1746)

1903 – Richard Jordan Gatling, American engineer, invented the Gatling gun (b. 1818)

1990 – Cornell Gunter, American singer (The Coasters, The Platters, and The Flairs) (b. 1938)