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This Day in History: February 24

Events

1803 – In Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court of the United States establishes the principle of judicial review.

1831 – The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, the first removal treaty in accordance with the Indian Removal Act, is proclaimed. The Choctaws in Mississippi cede land east of the river in exchange for payment and land in the West.

1863 – Arizona is organized as a United States territory.

1868 – Andrew Johnson becomes the first President of the United States to be impeached by the United States House of Representatives. He is later acquitted in the Senate.

1917 – World War I: The U.S. ambassador Walter Hines Page to the United Kingdom is given the Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany pledges to ensure the return of New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona to Mexico if Mexico declares war on the United States.

1920 – The Nazi Party is founded.

1942 – The Battle of Los Angeles: A false alarm led to an anti-aircraft barrage that lasted into the early hours of February 25.

1968 – Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive is halted; South Vietnam recaptures Hué.

1980 – The United States Olympic hockey team completes its Miracle on Ice by defeating Finland 4–2 to win the gold medal.

1983 – A special commission of the United States Congress condemns the Japanese American internment during World War II.

1999 – The U.S. state of Arizona executes Karl LaGrand, a German national convicted of murder during a botched bank robbery, in spite of Germany's legal action to attempt to save him.

2011 – Final launch of Space Shuttle Discovery (OV-103).

Births

1836 – Winslow Homer, American painter and illustrator (d. 1910)

1874 – Honus Wagner, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1955)

1921 – Abe Vigoda, American actor (d. 2016)

1938 – Phil Knight, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Nike, Inc.

1955 – Steve Jobs, American businessman, co-founded Apple Inc. and Pixar (d. 2011)

1956 – Paula Zahn, American journalist and producer

Deaths

1815 – Robert Fulton, American engineer (b. 1765)

1876 – Joseph Jenkins Roberts, American-Liberian politician, 1st President of Liberia (b. 1809)

1974 – Margaret Leech, American historian and author (b. 1893)

1990 – Malcolm Forbes, American sergeant and publisher (b. 1917)

2014 – Harold Ramis, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1944)