1819 – By the Adams–Onís Treaty, Spain sells Florida to the United States for five million U.S. dollars.
1847 – Mexican–American War: The Battle of Buena Vista: Five thousand American troops defeat 15,000 Mexicans troops.
1853 – Washington University in St. Louis is founded as Eliot Seminary in St. Louis, Missouri.
1855 – The Pennsylvania State University is founded in State College, Pennsylvania (as the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania).
1856 – The United States Republican Party opens its first national convention in Pittsburgh.
1862 – Jefferson Davis is officially inaugurated for a six-year term as the President of the Confederate States of America in Richmond, Virginia. He was previously inaugurated as a provisional president on February 18, 1861.
1872 – The Prohibition Party holds its first national convention in Columbus, Ohio, nominating James Black as its presidential nominee.
1879 – In Utica, New York, Frank Woolworth opens the first of many of five-and-dime Woolworth stores.
1899 – Filipino forces led by General Antonio Luna launch counterattacks for the first time against the American forces during the Philippine–American War. The Filipinos fail to regain Manila from the Americans.
1909 – The sixteen battleships of the Great White Fleet, led by USS Connecticut, return to the United States after a voyage around the world.
1924 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President to deliver a radio address from the White House.
1942 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as the Japanese victory becomes inevitable.
1943 – World War II: Members of the White Rose resistance, Sophie Scholl, Hans Scholl, and Christoph Probst are executed in Nazi Germany.
1959 – Lee Petty wins the first Daytona 500.
1973 – Cold War: Following President Richard Nixon's visit to the People's Republic of China, the two countries agree to establish liaison offices.
1974 – Samuel Byck tries and fails to assassinate U.S. President Richard Nixon.
1980 – Miracle on Ice: In Lake Placid, New York, the United States hockey team defeats the Soviet Union hockey team 4–3.
1983 – The notorious Broadway flop Moose Murders opens and closes on the same night at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre.
1994 – Aldrich Ames and his wife are charged by the United States Department of Justice with spying for the Soviet Union.
1732 – George Washington, American general and politician, 1st President of the United States (d. 1799)
1778 – Rembrandt Peale, American painter and curator (d. 1860)
1819 – James Russell Lowell, American poet and critic (d. 1891)
1892 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet and playwright (d. 1950)
1918 – Don Pardo, American radio and television announcer (d. 2014)
1918 – Robert Wadlow, American giant (d. 1940)
1944 – Robert Kardashian, American lawyer and businessman (d. 2003)
1950 – Julius Erving, American basketball player and sportscaster
1975 – Drew Barrymore, American actress, director, producer, and screenwriter
1890 – John Jacob Astor III, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1822)
1965 – Felix Frankfurter, Austrian-American lawyer and jurist (b. 1882)
1987 – David Susskind, American talk show host and producer (b. 1920)
1987 – Andy Warhol, American painter and photographer (b. 1928)
2002 – Chuck Jones, American animator, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1912)
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