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This Day in History: February 10

Events

1763 – French and Indian War: The Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Quebec to Great Britain.

1861 – Jefferson Davis is notified by telegraph that he has been chosen as provisional President of the Confederate States of America.

1862 – American Civil War: A Union naval flotilla destroys the bulk of the Confederate Mosquito Fleet in the Battle of Elizabeth City on the Pasquotank River in North Carolina.

1870 – The YWCA is founded in New York City.

1923 – Texas Tech University is founded as Texas Technological College in Lubbock, Texas

1933 – In round 13 of a boxing match at New York City's Madison Square Garden, Primo Carnera knocks out Ernie Schaaf. Schaaf dies four days later.

1942 – The first gold record is presented to Glenn Miller for "Chattanooga Choo Choo".

1954 – United States President Dwight Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam.

1962 – Captured American U2 spy-plane pilot Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.

1962 – Roy Lichtenstein's first solo exhibition opened, and it included Look Mickey, which featured his first employment of Ben-Day dots, speech balloons and comic imagery sourcing, all of which he is now known for.

1967 – The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified.

1981 – A fire at the Las Vegas Hilton hotel–casino kills eight and injures 198.

1989 – Ron Brown is elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee becoming the first African American to lead a major American political party.

1996 – The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov in chess for the first time.

1998 – Voters in Maine repeal a gay rights law passed in 1997 becoming the first U.S. state to abandon such a law.

Births

1893 – Bill Tilden, American tennis player and coach (d. 1953)

1897 – John Franklin Enders, American virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)

1905 – Walter A. Brown, American businessman, founded the Boston Celtics (d. 1964)

1905 – Chick Webb, American drummer and bandleader (d. 1939)

1906 – Lon Chaney, Jr., American actor (d. 1973)

1927 – Leontyne Price, American soprano and actress

1950 – Mark Spitz, American swimmer

Deaths

1956 – Leonora Speyer, American poet and violinist (b. 1872)

1957 – Laura Ingalls Wilder, American author (b. 1867)

1992 – Alex Haley, American soldier, journalist, and author (b. 1921)

2005 – Arthur Miller, American actor, playwright, and author (b. 1915)

2014 – Shirley Temple, American actress, singer, dancer, and diplomat (b. 1928)