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This Day in History: December 6

Events

1790 – The U.S. Congress moves from New York City to Philadelphia.

1865 – The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, banning slavery.

1877 – The first edition of The Washington Post is published.

1884 – The Washington Monument in Washington, D.C., is completed.

1904 – Theodore Roosevelt articulated his "Corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the U.S. would intervene in the Western Hemisphere should Latin American governments prove incapable or unstable.

1907 – A coal mine explosion at Monongah, West Virginia, kills 362 workers.

1917 – World War I: USS Jacob Jones is the first American destroyer to be sunk by enemy action when it is torpedoed by German submarine SM U-53.

1933 – U.S. federal judge John M. Woolsey rules that James Joyce's novel Ulysses is not obscene.

1947 – The Everglades National Park in Florida is dedicated.

1967 – Adrian Kantrowitz performs the first human heart transplant in the United States.

1969 – Meredith Hunter is killed by Hells Angels during a Rolling Stones concert at the Altamont Speedway in California.

1973 – The Twenty-fifth Amendment: The United States House of Representatives votes 387 to 35 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President of the United States. (On November 27, the Senate confirmed him 92 to 3.)

2006 – NASA reveals photographs taken by Mars Global Surveyor suggesting the presence of liquid water on Mars.

Births

1876 – Fred Duesenberg, German-American businessman, co-founded the Duesenberg Automobile & Motors Company (d. 1932)

1884 – Cornelia Meigs, American author, playwright, and academic (d. 1973)

1886 – Joyce Kilmer, American soldier, author, and poet (d. 1918)

1896 – Ira Gershwin, American songwriter (d. 1983)

1920 – Dave Brubeck, American pianist and composer (d. 2012)

1934 – Nick Bockwinkel, American wrestler, sportscaster, and actor (d. 2015)

Deaths

1889 – Jefferson Davis, American general and politician, President of the Confederate States of America (b. 1808)

1955 – Honus Wagner, American baseball player and manager (b. 1874)

1988 – Roy Orbison, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Traveling Wilburys) (b. 1936)

2000 – Werner Klemperer, German-American actor (b. 1920)