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This Day in History: December 4

Events

1674 – Father Jacques Marquette founds a mission on the shores of Lake Michigan to minister to the Illiniwek. (The mission would later grow into the city of Chicago.)

1783 – At Fraunces Tavern in New York City, U.S. General George Washington bids farewell to his officers.

1786 – Mission Santa Barbara is dedicated (on the feast day of Saint Barbara).

1791 – The first edition of The Observer, the world's first Sunday newspaper, is published.

1864 – American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea: At Waynesboro, Georgia, forces under Union General Judson Kilpatrick prevent troops led by Confederate General Joseph Wheeler from interfering with Union General William T. Sherman's campaign destroying a wide swath of the South on his march to the Atlantic Ocean from Atlanta.

1867 – Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as the Grange).

1872 – The crewless American ship Mary Celeste is found by the Canadian brig Dei Gratia. The ship had been abandoned for nine days but was only slightly damaged.

1875 – Notorious New York City politician Boss Tweed escapes from prison. He will later be recaptured in Spain.

1881 – The first edition of the Los Angeles Times is published.

1906 – Alpha Phi Alpha the first black intercollegiate Greek lettered fraternity was founded at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.

1918 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson sails for the World War I peace talks in Versailles, becoming the first US president to travel to Europe while in office.

1921 – The first Virginia Rappe manslaughter trial against Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle ends in a hung jury.

1942 – World War II: Carlson's patrol during the Guadalcanal Campaign ends.

1943 – World War II: In Yugoslavia, resistance leader Marshal Josip Broz Tito proclaims a provisional democratic Yugoslav government in-exile.

1943 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt closes down the Works Progress Administration, because of the high levels of wartime employment in the United States.

1945 – By a vote of 65–7, the United States Senate approves United States participation in the United Nations. (The UN had been established on October 24, 1945.)

1954 – The first Burger King is opened in Miami.

1956 – The Million Dollar Quartet (Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins, and Johnny Cash) get together at Sun Studio for the first and last time.

1967 – Vietnam War: U.S. and South Vietnamese forces engage Viet Cong troops in the Mekong Delta.

1969 – Black Panther Party members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark are shot and killed in their sleep during a raid by 14 Chicago police officers.

1978 – Following the murder of Mayor George Moscone, Dianne Feinstein becomes San Francisco's first female mayor. (She will serve until January 8, 1988.)

1991 – Journalist Terry A. Anderson is released after seven years in captivity as a hostage in Beirut. He is the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon.

1991 – Captain Mark Pyle pilots Clipper Goodwill, a Pan American World Airways Boeing 727-221ADV, to Miami International Airport, ending 64 years of Pan Am operations.

1998 – The Unity Module, the second module of the International Space Station, is launched.

Births

1585 – John Cotton, English-American minister and theologian (d. 1652)

1908 – Alfred Hershey, American bacteriologist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)

1912 – Pappy Boyington, American colonel and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1988)

1923 – Charles Keating, American lawyer and financier (d. 2014)

1937 – Max Baer, Jr., American actor, director, and producer

1969 – Jay Z, American rapper, producer, and actor, co-founded Roc-A-Fella Records

1973 – Tyra Banks, American model, actress, and producer

Deaths

1902 – Charles Dow, American journalist and publisher, co-founded the Dow Jones & Company (b. 1851)

1967 – Bert Lahr, American actor and singer (b. 1895)

1993 – Frank Zappa, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor (b. 1940)

2014 – Claudia Emerson, American poet and academic (b. 1957)