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This Day in History: December 30

Events

1813 – War of 1812: British soldiers burn Buffalo, New York.

1816 – The Treaty of St. Louis (1816) between the United States and the united Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi Indian tribes is proclaimed.

1825 – The Treaty of St. Louis between the United States and the Shawnee Nation is proclaimed.

1853 – Gadsden Purchase: The United States buys land from Mexico to facilitate railroad building in the Southwest.

1903 – A fire at the Iroquois Theater in Chicago, Illinois kills at least 605.

1905 – Former Idaho Governor Frank Steunenberg is assassinated at the front gate of his home in Caldwell.

1936 – The United Auto Workers union stages its first sitdown strike.

1948 – The Cole Porter Broadway musical, Kiss Me, Kate (1,077 performances), opens at Broadway's New Century Theatre in midtown Manhattan, New York, and becomes the first show to win the Best Musical Tony Award.

1972 – Vietnam War: The United States halts heavy bombing of North Vietnam.

1977 – For the second time, Ted Bundy escapes from his cell in Glenwood Springs, Colorado.

1981 – In the 39th game of his third NHL season, Wayne Gretzky scores five goals, giving him 50 on the year and setting a new NHL record previously held by Maurice Richard and Mike Bossy, who earlier had each scored 50 goals in 50 games.

1999 – Former Beatle George Harrison is attacked by Michael Abram in his Friar Park home.

2005 – Tropical Storm Zeta forms in the open Atlantic Ocean, tying the record for the latest tropical cyclone ever to form in the North Atlantic basin.

2006 – Former President of Iraq Saddam Hussein is executed.

Births

1873 – Al Smith, American lawyer and politician, 42nd Governor of New York (d. 1944)

1920 – Jack Lord, American actor and director (d. 1998)

1934 – John N. Bahcall, American astrophysicist and astronomer, co-developed the Hubble Space Telescope (d. 2005)

1934 – Del Shannon, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1990)

1935 – Sandy Koufax, American baseball player and sportscaster

1937 – Jim Marshall, American football player

1975 – Tiger Woods, American golfer

1977 – Laila Ali, American boxer and actress

1984 – LeBron James, American basketball player

Deaths

1970 – Sonny Liston, American boxer (b. 1932)

1979 – Richard Rodgers, American playwright and composer (b. 1902)

2004 – Artie Shaw, American clarinet player, composer, and bandleader (b. 1910)