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This Day in History: December 3

Events

1818 – Illinois becomes the 21st U.S. state.

1898 – The Duquesne Country and Athletic Club defeated an all-star collection of early football players 16-0, in what is considered to be the very first all-star game for professional American football.

1901 – In a State of the Union message, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt asks Congress to curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits".

1927 – Putting Pants on Philip, the first Laurel and Hardy film, is released.

1960 – The musical Camelot debuts at the Majestic Theatre on Broadway. It will become associated with the Kennedy administration.

1964 – Free Speech Movement: Police arrest over 800 students at the University of California, Berkeley, following their takeover and sit-in at the administration building in protest of the UC Regents' decision to forbid protests on UC property.

1973 – Pioneer program: Pioneer 10 sends back the first close-up images of Jupiter.

1979 – In Cincinnati, 11 fans are suffocated in a crush for seats on the concourse outside Riverfront Coliseum before a Who concert.

1982 – A soil sample is taken from Times Beach, Missouri, that will be found to contain 300 times the safe level of dioxin.

1989 – Cold War: In a meeting off the coast of Malta, U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev release statements indicating that the Cold War between NATO and the Soviet Union may be coming to an end.

1990 – The 1990 Wayne County Airport runway collision kills seven passengers and one crew member.

1994 – The PlayStation was released in Japan

1999 – NASA loses radio contact with the Mars Polar Lander moments before the spacecraft enters the Martian atmosphere.

1999 – Six firefighters are killed in the Worcester Cold Storage and Warehouse fire in Worcester, Massachusetts.

2005 – XCOR Aerospace makes the first manned rocket aircraft delivery of U.S. Mail in Kern County, California.

2007 – Winter storms cause the Chehalis River to flood many cities in Lewis County, Washington, and close a 20-mile portion of Interstate 5 for several days. At least eight deaths and billions of dollars in damages are blamed on the floods.

Births

1755 – Gilbert Stuart, American painter (d. 1828)

1826 – George B. McClellan, American general and politician, 24th Governor of New Jersey (d. 1885)

1842 – Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American businessman, founded the Pillsbury Company (d. 1899)

1895 – Anna Freud, Austrian-English psychologist and psychoanalyst (d. 1982)

1987 – Alicia Sacramone, American gymnast

Deaths

1910 – Mary Baker Eddy, American religious leader and author, founded Christian Science (b. 1821)