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This Day in History: December 29

Events

1778 – American Revolutionary War: Three thousand British soldiers under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Archibald Campbell capture Savannah, Georgia.

1812 – The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three-hour battle.

1845 – In accordance with International Boundary delimitation, the United States annexes the Republic of Texas, following the manifest destiny doctrine. The Republic of Texas, which had been independent since the Texas Revolution of 1836, is thereupon admitted as the 28th U.S. state.

1851 – The first American YMCA opens in Boston, Massachusetts.

1876 – The Ashtabula River railroad disaster occurs, leaving 64 injured and 92 dead at Ashtabula, Ohio.

1890 – Wounded Knee Massacre on Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, 300 Lakota killed by the United States 7th Cavalry Regiment.

1916 – A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, the first novel by James Joyce, was first published as a book by an American publishing house B. W. Huebschis after it had been serialized in The Egoist (1914–15).

1934 – Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.

1940 – World War II: In the Second Great Fire of London, the Luftwaffe fire-bombs London, England, UK, killing almost 200 civilians.

1949 – KC2XAK of Bridgeport, Connecticut becomes the first Ultra high frequency (UHF) television station to operate a daily schedule.

1972 – Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 (a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar) crashes on approach to Miami International Airport, Florida, killing 101.

1975 – Bomb Explodes at LaGuardia Airport in New York City, killing 11 people and injuring 74.

1996 – Guatemala and leaders of Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity sign a peace accord ending a 36-year civil war.

Births

1800 – Charles Goodyear, American chemist and engineer (d. 1860)

1808 – Andrew Johnson, American general and politician, 17th President of the United States (d. 1875)

1879 – Billy Mitchell, American general and pilot (d. 1936)

1921 – Robert C. Baker, American chef, invented the chicken nugget (d. 2006)

1936 – Mary Tyler Moore, American actress and singer

Deaths

1890 – Spotted Elk, American tribal leader (b. 1826)

1952 – Fletcher Henderson, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1897)