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This Day in History: December 10

Events

1817 – Mississippi becomes the 20th U.S. state.

1861 – American Civil War: The Confederate States of America accept a rival state government's pronouncement that declares Kentucky to be the 13th state of the Confederacy.

1864 – American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea: Major General William Tecumseh Sherman's Union Army troops reach the outer Confederate defenses of Savannah, Georgia.

1869 – The Kappa Sigma Fraternity is founded at the University of Virginia.

1884 – Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is published.

1898 – Spanish–American War: The Treaty of Paris is signed, officially ending the conflict.

1899 – Delta Sigma Phi fraternity is founded at the City College of New York.

1901 – The first Nobel Prizes are awarded.

1906 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt wins the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in the mediation of the Russo-Japanese War, becoming the first American to win a Nobel Prize.

1927 – The phrase "Grand Ole Opry" is used for the first time on-air.

1941 – World War II: Battle of the Philippines: Imperial Japanese forces under the command of General Masaharu Homma land on Luzon.

1955 – Mighty Mouse Playhouse premieres on American television.

1978 – Arab–Israeli conflict: Prime Minister of Israel Menachem Begin and President of Egypt Anwar Sadat are jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Births

1787 – Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, American educator, founded the American School for the Deaf (d. 1851)

1830 – Emily Dickinson, American poet (d. 1886)

1851 – Melvil Dewey, American librarian, created the Dewey Decimal System (d. 1931)

1911 – Chet Huntley, American journalist (d. 1974)

1936 – Howard Smith, American journalist, director, and producer (d. 2014)

1956 – Rod Blagojevich, American lawyer and politician, 40th Governor of Illinois

1985 – Raven-Symoné, American actress, singer, and dancer

Deaths

1909 – Red Cloud, American tribal chief (b. 1822)

1920 – Horace Elgin Dodge, American businessman, co-founded Dodge (b. 1868)

1946 – Walter Johnson, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster (b. 1887)

1946 – Damon Runyon, American journalist and author (b. 1884)

1967 – Otis Redding, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1941)

1977 – Adolph Rupp, American basketball player and coach (b. 1901)

1990 – Armand Hammer, American businessman, founded Occidental Petroleum (b. 1898)

2005 – Richard Pryor, American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1940)