1758 – The first American Indian reservation is established, at Indian Mills, New Jersey.
1778 – American Revolutionary War: British and American forces battle indecisively at the Battle of Rhode Island.
1786 – Shays's Rebellion, an armed uprising of Massachusetts farmers, begins in response to high debt and tax burdens.
1861 – American Civil War: United States Navy squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina.
1869 – The Mount Washington Cog Railway opens, making it the world's first mountain-climbing rack railway.
1898 – The Goodyear tire company is founded.
1911 – Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerges from the wilderness of northeastern California.
1915 – US Navy salvage divers raise F-4, the first U.S. submarine sunk in an accident.
1916 – The United States passes the Philippine Autonomy Act.
1922 – The first radio advertisement is broadcast on WEAF-AM in New York City.
1941 – Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, is occupied by Nazi Germany following an occupation by the Soviet Union.
1944 – Slovak National Uprising takes place as 60,000 Slovak troops turn against the Nazis.
1946 – USS Nevada is decommissioned.
1950 – Korean War: British troops arrive in Korea to bolster the US presence there.
1958 – United States Air Force Academy opens in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
1965 – The Gemini V spacecraft returns to Earth, landing in the Atlantic ocean.
1966 – The Beatles perform their last concert before paying fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
2004 – Michael Schumacher wins his 5th consecutive Formula One Drivers' championship (and 7th overall) at the 2004 Belgian Grand Prix by finishing second to Kimi Räikkönen to beat the 47-year-old record held by Juan Manuel Fangio.
2005 – Hurricane Katrina devastates much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle, killing an estimated 1,836 people and causing over $108 billion in damage.
2007 – 2007 United States Air Force nuclear weapons incident: Six US cruise missiles armed with nuclear warheads are flown without proper authorization from Minot Air Force Base to Barksdale Air Force Base.
1725 – Charles Townshend, English politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. 1767)
1809 – Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr., American physician and author (d. 1894)
1920 – Charlie Parker, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1955)
1924 – Dinah Washington, American singer and pianist (d. 1963)
1940 – James Brady, American politician and activist, 15th White House Press Secretary (d. 2014)
1941 – Robin Leach, English-American journalist and television host
1946 – Bob Beamon, American long jumper
1958 – Michael Jackson, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actor (d. 2009)
1533 – Atahualpa, Sovereign emperor (b. 1497)
1877 – Brigham Young, American religious leader, 2nd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1801)
1931 – David T. Abercrombie, American businessman, co-founded Abercrombie & Fitch (b. 1867)
1946 – Adolphus Busch III, American businessman (b. 1891)
1968 – Ulysses S. Grant III, American general (b. 1881)
1981 – Lowell Thomas, American journalist and author (b. 1892)
2012 – Shoshichi Kobayashi, Japanese-American mathematician and academic (b. 1932)
2013 – Bruce C. Murray, American geologist and academic, co-founded The Planetary Society (b. 1931)
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