1524 – The Kaqchikel Maya rebel against their former Spanish allies during the Spanish conquest of Guatemala.
1565 – Pedro Menéndez de Avilés sights land near St. Augustine, Florida and founds the oldest continuously occupied European-established city in the continental United States.
1830 – The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's new Tom Thumb steam locomotive races a horse-drawn car, presaging steam's role in US railroads.
1833 – The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 receives Royal Assent, abolishing slavery through most of the British Empire.
1845 – The first issue of Scientific American magazine is published.
1861 – American Civil War: Union forces attack Cape Hatteras, North Carolina in the Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries which lasts for two days.
1862 – American Civil War: Second Battle of Bull Run, also known as the Battle of Second Manassas. The battle ends on August 30.
1867 – The United States takes possession of the (at this point unoccupied) Midway Atoll.
1898 – Caleb Bradham invents the carbonated soft drink that will later be called "Pepsi-Cola".
1943 – World War II: In Denmark, a general strike against the Nazi occupation starts.
1944 – World War II: Marseille and Toulon are liberated.
1955 – Black teenager Emmett Till is brutally murdered in Mississippi, galvanizing the nascent Civil Rights Movement.
1957 – U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond begins a filibuster to prevent the Senate from voting on Civil Rights Act of 1957; he stopped speaking 24 hours and 18 minutes later, the longest filibuster ever conducted by a single Senator.
1963 – March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom: The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. gives his I Have a Dream speech
1963 – Emily Hoffert and Janice Wylie are murdered in their Manhattan apartment, prompting the events that would lead to the passing of the Miranda Rights.
1963 – The Evergreen Point Floating Bridge, the longest floating bridge in the world, opens between Seattle and Medina, Washington, US.
1964 – The Philadelphia race riot begins.
1968 – Riots in Chicago, Illinois, during the Democratic National Convention.
1728 – John Stark, American general (d. 1822)
1774 – Elizabeth Ann Seton, American nun and saint, co-founded the Sisters of Charity Federation in the Vincentian-Setonian Tradition (d. 1821)
1831 – Lucy Webb Hayes, American wife of Rutherford B. Hayes, 20th First Lady of the United States (d. 1889)
1916 – C. Wright Mills American sociologist and author (d. 1962)
1916 – Jack Vance, American author (d. 2013)
1917 – Jack Kirby, American author and illustrator (d. 1994)
1954 – Katharine Abraham, American feminist economist
1971 – Janet Evans, American swimmer
1784 – Junípero Serra, Spanish-American priest and missionary (b. 1713)
1903 – Frederick Law Olmsted, American journalist and architect, co-designed Central Park (b. 1822)
1955 – Emmett Till, American murder victim (b. 1941)
1993 – William Stafford, American poet and academic (b. 1914)
2007 – Arthur Jones, American businessman, founded Nautilus, Inc. and MedX Corporation (b. 1926)
2013 – Edmund B. Fitzgerald, American businessman (b. 1926)
2014 – John Anthony Walker, American soldier and spy (b. 1937)
2015 – Nelson Shanks, American painter and educator (b. 1937)
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