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This Day in History: August 10


1519 – Ferdinand Magellan's five ships set sail from Seville to circumnavigate the globe. The Basque second-in-command Juan Sebastián Elcano will complete the expedition after Magellan's death in the Philippines.

1680 – The Pueblo Revolt begins in New Mexico.

1755 – Under the orders of Charles Lawrence, the British Army begins to forcibly deport the Acadians from Nova Scotia to the Thirteen Colonies.

1776 – American Revolutionary War: Word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London.

1821 – Missouri is admitted as the 24th U.S. state.

1846 – The Smithsonian Institution is chartered by the United States Congress after James Smithson donates $500,000.

1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Wilson's Creek: The war enters Missouri when a band of raw Confederate troops defeat Union forces in the southwestern part of the state.

1901 – The U.S. Steel Recognition Strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers begins.

1905 – Russo-Japanese War: Peace negotiations begin in Portsmouth, New Hampshire.

sign the Treaty of Bucharest, ending the war.

1920 – World War I: Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI's representatives sign the Treaty of Sèvres that divides up the Ottoman Empire between the Allies.

1932 – A 5.1 kilograms (11 lb) chondrite-type meteorite breaks into at least seven pieces and lands near the town of Archie in Cass County, Missouri.

1944 – World War II: American forces defeat the last Japanese troops on Guam.

1948 – Candid Camera makes its television debut after being on radio for a year as Candid Microphone.

1949 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act Amendment, streamlining the defense agencies of the United States government, and replacing the Department of War with the United States Department of Defense.

1954 – At Massena, New York, the groundbreaking ceremony for the Saint Lawrence Seaway is held.

1961 – First use in Vietnam War of the Agent Orange by the U.S. Army.

1969 – A day after murdering Sharon Tate and four others, members of Charles Manson's cult kill Leno and Rosemary LaBianca.

1971 – The Society for American Baseball Research is founded in Cooperstown, New York.

1977 – In Yonkers, New York, 24-year-old postal employee David Berkowitz ("Son of Sam") is arrested for a series of killings in the New York City area over the period of one year.

1978 – Three members of the Ulrich family are killed in an accident. This leads to the Ford Pinto litigation.

1981 – Murder of Adam Walsh: The head of John Walsh's son is found. This inspires the creation of the television series America's Most Wanted.

1988 – Japanese American internment: U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, providing $20,000 payments to Japanese Americans who were either interned in or relocated by the United States during World War II.

1990 – The Magellan space probe reaches Venus.

1995 – Oklahoma City bombing: Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols are indicted for the bombing. Michael Fortier pleads guilty in a plea-bargain for his testimony.


1814 – John C. Pemberton, American general (d. 1881)

1821 – Jay Cooke, American financier, founded Jay Cooke & Company (d. 1905)

1874 – Herbert Hoover, American engineer and politician, 31st President of the United States (d. 1964)

1889 – Charles Darrow, American game designer, created Monopoly (d. 1967)

1898 – Jack Haley, American actor and singer (d. 1979)

1903 – Ward Moore, American author (d. 1978)

1905 – Era Bell Thompson, American journalist and author (d. 1986)

1909 – Leo Fender, American businessman, founded Fender Musical Instruments Corporation (d. 1991)

1928 – Jimmy Dean, American singer, actor, and businessman, founded the Jimmy Dean Food Company (d. 2010)

1933 – Doyle Brunson, American poker player and author

1939 – Charlie Rose, American lawyer and politician (d. 2012)

1940 – Bobby Hatfield, American singer-songwriter (The Righteous Brothers) (d. 2003)

1943 – Ronnie Spector, American singer-songwriter (The Ronettes)

1945 – Harriet Miers, American lawyer and politician, 31st White House Counsel

1945 – Laura Spurr, American nurse and tribal leader (d. 2010)

1972 – Angie Harmon, American model and actress


1932 – Rin Tin Tin, American acting dog (b. 1918)

1945 – Robert H. Goddard, American physicist and engineer (b. 1882)

1961 – Julia Peterkin, American author (b. 1880)

1963 – Estes Kefauver, American lawyer and politician (b. 1903)

2008 – Isaac Hayes, American singer-songwriter, pianist, producer, and actor (b. 1942)

2010 – David L. Wolper, American director and producer (b. 1928)

2013 – Amy Wallace, American author (b. 1955)

2014 – Dotty Lynch, American journalist and academic (b. 1945)