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This Day in U.S. History: April 18

Events

1689 – Bostonians rise up in rebellion against Sir Edmund Andros.

1775 – American Revolution: The British advancement by sea begins; Paul Revere and other riders warn the countryside of the troop movements.

1831 – The University of Alabama is founded.

1847 – American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.

1880 – An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.

1906 – An earthquake and fire destroy much of San Francisco, California.

1912 – The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.

1923 – Yankee Stadium: "The House that Ruth Built" opens.

1924 – Simon & Schuster publishes the first crossword puzzle book.

1936 – The first Champions Day is celebrated in Detroit, Michigan.

1942 – World War II: The Doolittle Raid on Japan. Tokyo, Yokohama, Kobe and Nagoya are bombed.

1943 – World War II: Operation Vengeance, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto is killed when his aircraft is shot down by U.S. fighters over Bougainville Island.

1946 – The International Court of Justice holds its inaugural meeting in The Hague, Netherlands.

1949 – The keel for the aircraft carrier USS United States is laid down at Newport News Drydock and Shipbuilding. However, construction is canceled five days later, resulting in the Revolt of the Admirals.

1958 – A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound be released from an insane asylum.

1981 – The longest professional baseball game is begun in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The game is suspended at 4:00 the next morning and finally completed on June 23.

1983 – A suicide bomber destroys the United States embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing 63 people.

1988 – The United States launches Operation Praying Mantis against Iranian naval forces in the largest naval battle since World War II.

2007 – The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5–4 decision.

Births

1857 – Clarence Darrow, American lawyer (d. 1938)

1904 – Pigmeat Markham, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1981)

1915 – Joy Davidman, American poet and author (d. 1960)

1922 – Barbara Hale, American actress

1976 – Melissa Joan Hart, American actress, director, and producer

1983 – Cheryl Haworth, American weightlifter

Deaths

1942 – Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American heiress, sculptor and art collector, founded the Whitney Museum of American Art (b. 1875)

1943 – Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese admiral (b. 1884)

1945 – Ernie Pyle, American journalist and soldier (b. 1900)

1955 – Albert Einstein, German-American physicist, engineer, and academic (b. 1879)

2012 – Dick Clark, American television host and producer (b. 1929)