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This Day in U.S. History: April 10

Events

1606 – The Virginia Company of London is established by royal charter by James I of England with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America.

1816 – The Federal government of the United States approves the creation of the Second Bank of the United States.

1856 – The Theta Chi fraternity is founded at Norwich University in Vermont.

1865 – American Civil War: A day after his surrender to Union forces, Confederate General Robert E. Lee addresses his troops for the last time.

1866 – The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is founded in New York City by Henry Bergh.

1872 – The first Arbor Day is celebrated in Nebraska.

1887 – On Easter Sunday, Pope Leo XIII authorizes the establishment of the Catholic University of America.

1912 – RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton, England on her maiden and only voyage.

1916 – The Professional Golfers' Association of America (PGA) is created in New York City.

1925 – The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is first published in New York City, by Charles Scribner's Sons.

1953 – Warner Bros. premieres the first 3D film from a major American studio, entitled House of Wax.

1970 – Paul McCartney announces that he is leaving The Beatles for personal and professional reasons.

1971 – Ping-pong diplomacy: In an attempt to thaw relations with the United States, the People's Republic of China hosts the U.S. table tennis team for a week-long visit.

1972 – Vietnam War: For the first time since November 1967, American B-52 bombers reportedly begin bombing North Vietnam.

1979 – Red River Valley tornado outbreak: A tornado lands in Wichita Falls, Texas killing 42 people.

Births

1794 – Matthew C. Perry, American commander (d. 1858)

1837 – Forceythe Willson, American poet (d. 1867)

1847 – Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian-American journalist, publisher, and politician, founded Pulitzer, Inc. (d. 1911)

1880 – Frances Perkins, American sociologist, academic, and politician, 4th United States Secretary of Labor (d. 1965)

1941 – Paul Theroux, American novelist, short story writer, and travel writer

1980 – Kasey Kahne, American race car driver

Deaths

1938 – King Oliver, American cornet player and bandleader (b. 1885)

1992 – Sam Kinison, American comedian and actor (b. 1953)